Manufacturing of plastics, fiber-reinforced composites, and hybrids are often accompanied by process-induced deformations (PIDs) such as spring-in or warpage. Moreover, PIDs go along with residual stresses within the part. Both PIDs and residual stresses result from the thermal expansion and shrinkage during solidification and cooling.
Through thermomechanical analyses, these dimensional instabilities as well as residual stresses become predictable. Based on this, suitable remedies can be identified before real-world demonstrator manufacturing or manufacturing piloting.